HRM Law Regulation Chart Calendar Dates
Create a calendar charting the dates and the evolution of the main laws and regulations that affect the management of human resources in your country.
The evolution of the main laws and regulations that affected the HRM in Pakistan is given as follows,
|1923||Workman Compensation Act|
|1936||Payment of wages Act|
|1958||West Pakistan Maternity Benefit Ordinance|
|1961||Minimum Wages Ordinance|
|1965||Provincial Employees Social Security Ordinance|
|1968||Industrial and Commercial Employment Ordinance|
|1968||Company Profit (Worker Participation Act)|
|1969||WP Minimum wages for unskilled worker Ordinance|
|1971||Worker Welfare Fund Ordinance (Benefits Under Law)|
|1972||Worker Children Education Ordinance|
|1976||Employees Old Age benefits Act|
|1978||Punjab Factories Rules|
|1991||Employment of Children Act|
|1991||Bonded labor System (Abolition) Act|
|2010||Industrial Relation Act|
The laws and regulations favor employer, employees and the government.
Pakistan has total 70 laws linked to human resource management in favor of employers and employees. Although, the laws have been formulated but have not been implemented so far. Pakistan has high population, low education level and terrorism.
The employer gets handsome salaries and benefits. They are fulfilled with the laws and regulations as compared to workers. There should be less difference of pays and benefits between both Employer and Employees. Our employer is pensionable. There are two types of employers, like government and private sector employer. The government employer has job security, low salary, benefits, pension and promotion. While private sector employer has good salaries, less benefits, no pension and good promotion. Both sectors have advantages and disadvantages. Private sector includes the multinational companies. Multinational companies give good experiences in employer’s fields.
In our country the laws and regulations favor the employees at satisfactory level. Employees get the less benefits in the form of health, child studies and pays. There are some laws for safety, security, insurance, hazards etc. It is basically agricultural country not an industrial country. There is huge unemployment and lack of education. People who are employed have less pays and benefits. There are fewer industries, where the labor unions are present to look after the employees.
The laws and regulations are always made by the Government. Government is doing its level best to increase the literacy rate and to control the population. Moreover, terrorism has been controlled at better extent, which is the good symptom for the improvement of economy.
Impact of the laws and regulations on organizational ability to use Strategic Human Resource Management
Laws and regulations have great impact on any managerial ability. They assist the organization to perform the accurate thing, to understand the limitations of the HR and legal departments and it limits potential liability. Laws govern all aspects of human resource management like recruitment, placement, development and compensation.
Laws not only promote standards, fundamental principles and rights at work but also create opportunities for employers to secure decent employment and income. The laws and regulations for HRM have been formulated in the following categories,
- Industrial founding
- Employer benefits
- Worker welfare
- Formulation of punishments & procedures
- Categorization of workers
- Terms & conditions of service
- Group encouragement Schemes
- Compensation of bonus
- Closures of firm
- Termination of employment
- Payment of gratuity
- Reduction of expenditure
- Bad behavior
- Charge sheet & Inquiry